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I. Biblical/Theological

   A. Biblical General

BGE 210
Principles of Biblical Interpretation3.0 credit hours
This course is a study of the principles and procedures to be followed in gaining a correct understanding of the Scriptures. The use of the grammatical-historical method, in conjunction with an understanding of the unique distinctives of the different genres of biblical literature, will be promoted in approaching the interpretation of the Scriptures.

   B. Old Testament

BOT 131
Genesis3.0 credit hours
This “book of beginnings” is foundational for understanding the rest of Scripture. Genesis introduces most of the vital doctrines of the Bible and speaks to fundamental questions about the nature of God and his relationship with the universe, particularly with the humans in it. The covenant God makes with Abraham introduces an increasingly personal focus as the story moves through the lives of Isaac, Jacob, and finally, Joseph. This course seeks to read Genesis with respect both for its divine inspiration and its creation as a document in the Ancient Near East. Genesis has stimulated a wide range of interpretations, and students will be encouraged to critically examine the options within an evangelical perspective.
BOT 138
Psalms3.0 credit hours
The Psalms will be studied as primarily the prayers and aspirations of David and his companions which were later used in the worship of the people of Israel and compiled in a methodological fashion to form the present canonical Psalter. The theme of the books of the Psalter and their individual psalms will be examined for their relevance to the life of faith of the believer and the messianic hope.
BOT 212
Old Testament History3.0 credit hours
A study of the events that shaped the ancient world and affected God's people. Attention is given to lessons from history as people and nations were moved into synchronization with the master plan of God.
BOT 213
Old Testament Survey3.0 credit hours
This course is a survey of the entire Old Testament, giving special attention to literary features such as authorship, theme, structure, and content of each of the books, along with analysis of the historical background and geographical setting. The course provides an overview of the growth of the Old Testament canon and the unfolding of God�s redemptive purposes through his chosen people, Israel.
BOT 214
Old Testament Prophets3.0 credit hours
“The Lord roars from Zion” and other more subtle messages from God’s ancient spokesmen are reviewed with attention to current applications. Study the expressions of God’s covenant love combined with uncompromising judgment. Note the agreement of the prophets regarding the nature and desires of God despite intervening centuries and divergent personalities.
BOT 140
Old Testament Poetry3.0 credit hours
As much as one third of the Old Testament, including Psalms, The Song, Lamentations, and many prophetic texts, is written in poetic form. In addition, poetry is often embedded in Old Testament prose. Understanding figurative language, imagery, and literary artistry will give students richer experiences when reading the Old Testament and in personal and corporate expressions of worship to God. Taught in workshop style, students in this course will actively engage with the powerful and beautiful poems of the Old Testament.

   C. New Testament

BNT 137
I Corinthians3.0 credit hours
The purpose of this letter of Paul was to solve the problems and answer the questions that arose as the Corinthians sought to live together as God's church in an evil setting. An exegetical study of the book will be incorporated with problem-solving techniques applicable today.
BNT 112
New Testament Survey3.0 credit hours
The New Testament is the timeless completion of the written revelation of the Lord God to mankind. This chronological overview of the New Testament will attempt to develop a faithful understanding and appreciation of the relevance and message of the New Testament. The course will begin with a study of the historical, geographical, and cultural background of the first century, will include an introduction to each of the twenty-seven books, and will focus on several prominent themes in the New Testament.
BNT 101
Synoptic Gospels & the Life of Christ3.0 credit hours
In this historical overview, the person of Christ becomes more vivid when studied against the religious, political, and social backdrop of his day. Focus is on the major events of Christ’s life and understanding the essence of his ministry and teaching. Special attention is given to the major theme of his preaching: the Kingdom of God.
BNT 248
Revelation3.0 credit hours
The book of Revelation is seen by some outside of the church as “the most rabid outburst of vindictiveness in all recorded history.” By some within the church it is seen as a great puzzle to solve. We will read this book as a reminder of the spiritual battle the church always finds itself in and as a message of hope in the midst of that battle. With this as our goal, our study of John’s Revelation will place its emphasis on the text itself with two primary foci. First, what was the author’s original intent for his readers in the first century? Second, what can and does this book mean for the Christian church today?
BNT 121
General Epistles3.0 credit hours
The call of the General Epistles to hold fast to the faith despite difficulty, persecution, and false teaching of various types will be studied and its contemporary relevance considered. The life setting of each of the letters will be examined along with issues of authorship, occasion for writing, purpose for writing, basic thrust of the letter, detailed analysis of its contents, and contemporary relevance.
BNT 125
Prison & Pastoral Epistles3.0 credit hours
This course examines the mature understanding of the significance of Christ and the gospel, and the ministry of the church, reflected in the Prison and Pastoral Epistles. The life setting of each of the letters will be examined along with issues of authorship, occasion for writing, purpose for writing, basic thrust of the letter, detailed analysis of its contents, and contemporary relevance.
BNT 242
Romans3.0 credit hours
At the very heart of Christian thought and experience is the glorious gospel of Jesus Christ. Romans is Paul’s most comprehensive presentation of that gospel, as well as a treatment of how it affects our inner lives and our relationships with others.
BNT 135
Acts & the Early Church3.0 credit hours
The expansion of the church from Jerusalem, Judea, and Samaria to the ends of the Roman world will be examined primarily in conjunction with the history of the early church portrayed in the book of Acts, but also from historical data gleaned in the epistles of the New Testament. The dynamics of growth of the N.T. church will be considered in conjunction with the geographical, cultural, and theological hurdles that had to be overcome in order to fulfi ll the command of Christ to make disciples of all nations.
BNT 244
Hebrews3.0 credit hours
There are many fascinating features to the Book of Hebrews. Hebrews is of special interest to Anabaptists because it is foundational to our understanding of New Testament finality. It helps us understand the Old Testament in light of Jesus Christ, and Jesus Christ in light of the Old Testament. Hebrews challenges us with many interpretative problems. It is also a book which poses historical issues that remain mysterious—authorship, audience, and provenance to name a few. Through the direct study of the scriptures, the use of a scholarly commentary, and the instructor’s help, students will have the opportunity to dig deeply into a book that can provide a lifetime of rewarding reflection for believers.
BNT 134
Gospel of John3.0 credit hours
Students will seek an in-depth, adult, academic, and functional knowledge of this gospel. Teaching will consist of presentations and guided discussions. Principles of sound Bible interpretation, history, context and theological issues will be under consideration. After the introductory classes, the course will proceed through the Gospel of John on a chapter by chapter basis.

   D. Theology

BTH 203
Contemporary Christianity3.0 credit hours
American Christianity in the late twentieth century employs a diverse set of labels: conservative, liberal, pentecostal, evangelical, fundamentalist, Anabaptist, charismatic, dispensationalist, etc. How does a modern Christian make sense of these? This course surveys the development of Christianity in the twentieth century including its history, theology, and current trends.
BTH 223
Peace, Justice & Simplicity3.0 credit hours
What does it mean to be a "peace church"? This course examines a variety of answers which Mennonites currently are proposing. In the process it explores the biblical teachings of peace and nonresistance along with the related themes of justice and simplicity, with the purpose of promoting practical Christian alternatives to the violence and greed of human society.
BTH 242
Survey of Bible Doctrine II3.0 credit hours
This course continues the study of foundational Christian doctrines, focusing especially on understandings of sin, salvation, the Holy Spirit, the church, and last things.
BTH 221
Christian Ethics3.0 credit hours
The study of right and wrong from a biblical, Christian perspective on three levels: the descriptive, the prescriptive, and the metaethical. This course consists of two studies: ethical systems and Christian ethics and topics. We will examine both Christian and non-Christian ethical systems to gain a philosophical understanding of theories. The student will also investigate a specific topic as a Christian ethicist.
BTH 241
Survey of Bible Doctrine I3.0 credit hours
This course introduces students to the study of Christian doctrine, including surveys of theological method, doctrine of revelation, doctrine of God, doctrine of humanity, and the doctrine of Christ.

   E. Apologetics

BAP 101
Christian Apologetics3.0 credit hours
Apologetics is an attempt to live out Peter’s exhortation, "to always be ready to make a defense..." (I Peter 3.15). Being ready involves preparation through study and careful thought about how to communicate the Gospel in contemporary contexts. This approach to apologetics not only equips students to communicate with others, but also helps build a sure foundation of Christian commitment in a faith that stands up to tough questions. Starting with the case for creation monotheism and working toward the case for the special revelation of Jesus Christ, students can learn how to appropriately explain and defend Christian faith.
BAP 210
Introduction to World Religions3.0 credit hours
This course will introduce and emphasize the major world religions other than Christianity: Judaism, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism. The class will also study the idea of religion, smaller world religions, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mormons and Neo-Paganism’ Wicca. We will look briefl y at cults. The instructor’s goals are to portray these religions in a fair light, considering both positive and negative information, and to equip Christian students for the tasks of discernment and witness.

   F. Biblical Languages

VLA 201
New Testament Greek3.0 credit hours
Using the best aspects of both the inductive and deductive approaches to language learning, this course aims to acquaint the student with a working knowledge of koine Greek in order to read and understand the New Testament Scripture in its original form. The emphasis is on learning the most useful vocabulary and grammar first so that the student can quickly begin to read portions of the Greek New Testament and approach further exegetical work on a solid and informed basis.
VLA 105
Introduction to Biblical Languages3.0 credit hours
This is a class for students who want to study the scriptures deeply. The Bible was written mostly in Greek and Hebrew. Knowing even a little bit of either language can help a reader understand the scriptures much better by using advanced study tools. You will learn: the Greek and Hebrew alphabets, some very basic grammar in both languages, how to analyze passages linguistically, how to do responsible word and contextual studies, and about the actual texts and methods that translators use. You will be introduced to other study tools that scholars use to examine the scriptures objectively. By giving the big picture and good set of reasons to go on, this class is a great place for students who want to continue to study the Biblical languages.

II. General Education

   A. Communications

GCM 112
Public Speaking3.0 credit hours
Students will learn standard methods used in formal speaking in various situations, and practice for evaluation in seven areas of public speaking: introducing others, praying formally, publicly, proposal presentation, chairing meetings, oral interpretation/public reading, and a formal speech. One class is dedicated to impromptu speaking.
GCM 110
Composition3.0 credit hours
This course emphasizes the building blocks of effective writing and speaking. It reviews grammar and syntax, sentence and paragraph structure, and provides opportunity to practice with a variety of essays.
GCM 111
Creative Writing3.0 credit hours
This course will guide students through the creative writing process in two genres: fiction and creative nonfiction. Students will study and practice the elements of craft, examine stories and essays by established writers, and begin a portfolio of their own work. Prerequisite: GCM 110 or permission of instructor.

   B. History and Humanities

GHU 231
Mennonites, Anabaptists & the Radical Reformation3.0 credit hours
This course examines the origins and development of the Anabaptist movement, primarily in the context of the Protestant Reformation. The instructor will try to draw a connecting line from 16th century origins to modern Mennonites, emphasizing distinctive beliefs. The course will attempt to answer the most important questions: Is Mennonite faith a slowly unraveling ethnic expression of Christianity? Is a commitment to Mennonite faith a viable choice for a Christian in our time and place?
GHU 211
History of Christianity I3.0 credit hours
Search through the record of fifteen centuries to follow the remarkable growth of the Christian church from its Palestinian Jewish beginnings to a dynamic—and diverse—worldwide faith. Trace the development of early and medieval Christian thought on themes relevant today, including how the church should relate to human government and culture. Become acquainted with the lives and thoughts of a fascinating variety of individuals who have followed Jesus in times and places very different from our own.
GHU 111
History of Western Civilization3.0 credit hours
A survey of the cultural, social, intellectual, religious, and political factors which shaped the Western world, stressing both developments and continuities. Part I begins with the ancient world and ends about A.D. 1650.
GHU 202
Introduction to Dramatic Arts3.0 credit hours
God can use theatre arts in "dramatic" ways. We will briefly overview theatre history with a specific emphasis on the role the church has played in its development. Through lectures and hands-on independent and group projects, students will sample the dramatic process from script to stage in creative ways.
GHU 212
History of Christianity II3.0 credit hours
Reformation to the Present A survey of the continuing development of the Christian church from the Reformation to the present. The growth of Protestantism. the Great Awakenings and the modern missionary movement are part of this study.
GHU 221
Introduction to Humanities3.0 credit hours
A survey of the visual arts, literature, music and drama of the western world. The course explores the relationship of the arts to the cultural, religious and philosophical thoughts of the period.
GHU 102
Introduction to Philosophy3.0 credit hours
This class takes a problems of philosophy rather than a history of philosophy approach to the subject. Students join the philosophical discussion right away by discussing the big issues: What is philosophy and what is its value; right and wrong; politics; the external world; science; the mind; and art. Along the way students will learn how major philosophers have thought about these issues. The class regards philosophy as a valuable and indispensible assistant for theology and Christian living.
GHU 204
Directing for the Stage3.0 credit hours
The creative and administrative skills required for directing a stage production are useful for any leadership or ministry position. We will study a variety of staged productions in theatre and church settings and learn how to maximize their effectiveness from a director’s standpoint.
GHU 241
Introduction to Literature3.0 credit hours
This course will focus on how to read literature critically, with the goal of developing the ability to interpret and analyze narrative fiction, poetry and drama. Students will learn how to approach challenging works and articulate their own interpretations with some degree of confidence. The class will lay the groundwork for further study and will help enrich students' reading experiences outside the classroom.

   C. Social Studies

GSS 103
Introduction to Sociology3.0 credit hours
In an attempt to understand a significant component of human experience, this course studies the interaction between individuals and society. How does a society develop its values? Who sets the standards for acceptable behavior? The course provides a survey of current social trends, an overview of sociological history and theories, and an evaluation of the impact on society of modern secularism.
GSS 104
Marriage & the Family3.0 credit hours
This course attempts to prepare young people for marriage and parenting from a Christian bias. Biblical principles are applied to courtship, the marriage commitment, and the nurture and discipline of children. In-class discussion and debates focus on problems of and answers to the deterioration of marriage and family relationships in Western civilization.
GSS 201
Introduction to Psychology3.0 credit hours
This psychology course is designed to provide a survey of modern scientific psychology and will include such topics as social behavior, human development, learning, motivation, abnormal psychology, approaches to recovery, and personality theories. This course will introduce a student to the discipline of psychology and prepare the student for more advanced studies in the discipline. Students will be encouraged to critically evaluate the theories and claims of psychology from a Biblical worldview.
GSS 202
Human Development3.0 credit hours
A study of the developing individual from the beginning of life through infancy, childhood, adolescence to death and dying. The course is designed to provide a foundation for understanding human personality, and attention is given to physical, intellectual, social, and cognitive development at each life stage in the context of a biblical perspective of human personality and development.
GSS 210
Introduction to International Development3.0 credit hours
In the context of providing recommendations for promoting development at regional, national and international levels, this course explores both theory and practice. It examines various approaches to international development, including relationships between nations and societies. Special attention is given to the role of multinational corporations, international/regional organizations and bilateral agreements in global power and resource distribution. The course also explores and critiques causal factors of and dominant perspectives on development including modernization and technology, dependency, world systems, sustainable development, economic and political systems; social capital, and geography and natural resources.

   D. Math & Sciences

GMS 105
Business Mathematics3.0 credit hours
A study in applying mathematical techniques to the home and business. Topics include single and chain discounts, price markups and markdowns, payroll calculations, simple and compound interest, promissory and discount notes, annuities and sinking funds, financial reports, present and future value calculations, depreciation methods, stocks and bonds and business statistics.
GMS 131
College Algebra3.0 credit hours
Introduction to methods of algebraic analysis including inequalities, polynomial, rational, exponential, logarithmic, inverse and absolute value functions, and systems of equations. This course places an emphasis on the development of problem solving skills. Prerequisite: two years of high school algebra or permission of the instructor.
GMS 151
Earth Science3.0 credit hours
This course introduces students to the sciences of the physical earth. It examines Earth's materials and changes thereon due to past and present forces at work in the earth’s interior and exterior. The course covers such topics as Earth’s spheres; rocks and minerals; soils and weathering; surface and groundwater; plate tectonics, volcanicity and earthquakes; weather and climate; astronomy and the solar system. It also incorporates economic, social, and philosophic perspectives on understanding the dynamism of the earth in order to appreciate the interaction of humans with the physical earth.

   E. Business

GBU 120
Effective Leadership & Team Development3.0 credit hours
At the heart of any group endeavor is leadership, whether on a team or in an organization or church. In this course we will take a close look at the concept of leadership, examining historical and biblical models, studying contemporary research on the topic, and assessing personal leadership traits with the goal of developing each person's leadership potential.

   F. Education

GED 201
The Exceptional Student3.0 credit hours
Explores the theories, issues, and methods of educating children with diverse and special needs. Topics include historical and contemporary views of students with mental retardation, learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, sensory disorders, physical and health impairments, communication disorders, and intellectual gifts and talents.
GED 102
Educational Technology3.0 credit hours
Introduces students to using a wide range of technology to enhance the teaching process. Students taking this course will be expected to develop basic profi ciency in a variety of environments, including word processing, databases, spreadsheets, drawing/ graphics, PowerPoint presentations, and web page design.
GED 101
Introduction to Education3.0 credit hours
A course designed to investigate educational theories and the individuals who constructed them along with a study of current issues in education and the Biblical principles students should consider as they formulate a personal educational philosophy. Also engages students in evaluating their potential for teaching.

   G. Foreign Language

GSP 101
Spanish I3.0 credit hours
An introduction to the study of Spanish with emphasis on listening, speaking, reading, and writing. This course is designed for students who have never studied Spanish.

III. Church/Vocational

   A. Discipleship and Spiritual Foundation

VSF 106
Spiritual Formation3.0 credit hours
This course will introduce the student to the dynamic of spiritual life and growth toward Christ-likeness. It will include a survey of several approaches to spiritual formation and personal life disciplines, a Scriptural overview of Christian identity and basic principles of spiritual warfare and holy living.
VSF 224
Supervised Formation3.0 credit hours
A supervised program of personal guidance in personal, spiritual, and ministry experiences. Students are assigned to a spiritual mentor who works closely with them in discovering and developing their ministry gifts. Arranged in second year of two-year programs where required.
VSF 110
Spiritual Formation Seminar3.0 credit hours
A supervised program of personal development, accountability, and practical exploration of Christian spiritual disciplines. It involves weekly meetings in which the group decides on a spiritual discipline to study and practice for the week. After studying and practicing the discipline, the group meets again to discuss learning outcomes and practical life implementation. Open only to Bridge participants.

   B. Pastoral Studies

VPS 214
Preaching the Biblical Text3.0 credit hours
The course will examine from a biblical perspective the central place and purpose of preaching in the ministry of the church, the challenges to the preaching ministry from contemporary culture, and the process involved in developing, constructing and delivering expository sermons.
VPS 220
Leadership in Ministry3.0 credit hours
Effective leadership is critical to the health of any church or organization. This course explores the character, skills and strategies of an effective leader, with particular focus on the unique challenges of leading churches and parachurch ministries in a Christ-like manner.
Pastoral Care & Counseling3.0 credit hours

   C. Counseling

VCL 212
Introduction to Counseling3.0 credit hours
An exploration of the theory and practice of counseling based on biblical and psychological principles. This course addresses the assessment of problems and the initiation of needed change in those seeking help.
VCL 205
Pastoral Care & Counseling3.0 credit hours
This course will enhance the student's ability to provide effective spiritual and psychological counsel as a part of pastoral ministry. The class will explore a biblical perspective on the role of pastors as listeners and responders to people in distress, and students will receive helpful guidance on knowing when and where to make referrals.

   D. Missions

VMI 124
Engaging Contemporary Culture3.0 credit hours
This course examines the current challenges and approaches to mission and evangelism in the secular and post-Christian regions of Western Europe and North America. It addresses the extensive problem of nominality, assesses its extent and progress, and provides biblically informed reflection. Nominality’s causes are identified within the life of the individual, the institutional church, and society, with special reference to the impact of urbanization, secularization, and pluralism. The impact of postmodernity on society, the church, and higher education is analyzed. Strategies being used to reach nominal Christians and postmodern society are examined and evaluated.
VMI 214
Language & Culture of Spain3.0 credit hours
VMI 101
Introduction to Missions3.0 credit hours
A comprehensive introduction to international and cross-cultural Christian missions, with case studies from history and contemporary experience. Designed to produce a "world Christian" outlook, with a heart for the harvest and basic concepts for world evangelization.
VMI 210
Current Issues in Missions3.0 credit hours
The face of Christian missions is changing rapidly. This course examines new developments and trends in missions around the world, and is also designed to bring students into contact with persons who are actively engaged in understanding, responding to and shaping those changes.
VMI 208
Community Transformation & Church Growth3.0 credit hours
A study of principles, procedures, and problems in discipling our local communities and integrating new believers into the local fellowship.
VMI 212
Introduction to Islam3.0 credit hours
This course will introduce the development of Islam and its impact in the world today. We will seek to understand Islamic faith and practice by studying both Christian and Muslim sources. We will explore various approaches in presenting the gospel to Muslims in a way that really is “good news.”
VMI 111
Introduction to Evangelism3.0 credit hours
In this class we will study personal evangelism: one person sharing faith in Christ with an unbeliever. The course will consider issues ranging from soteriology to practical advice for sharing faith and leading men and women to Christ. Class time will involve lecture, guided discussion, and role play. We will also engage in personal evangelism by attempting to identify, study, pray for, and contact the unbelievers in your life. The class will pay special attention to hostile critiques of evangelism in order to learn to overcome invalid objections, but will also acknowledge legitimate criticism of evangelism and methods.
VMI 218
African Church in the 21st Century3.0 credit hours

   E. Music and Worship

VMU 132
Drama1.0 credit hours
This fi ve to eight member mixed team presents programs on one or more weekend and term break tours. Entrance to the group is by audition during the fi rst week of classes.
VMU 100
Introduction to Music Theory & Sight Singing3.0 credit hours
A basic study in the theory and fundamentals of music with emphasis on sight reading and ear training. Introduction to the staff, key signature, simple/compound meter, melodic dictation, basic chord analysis, and keyboard harmony.
VMU 106
Choral Conducting1.5 credit hours
A study of basic choral conducting techniques, including conducting patterns, dynamics, score interpretation, audience communication, repertoire selection and program building.
VMU 107
Class Voice1.5 credit hours
A presentation of the basic components of singing, including breath control, tone color, diction and interpretation. The course includes in-class singing of selected songs chosen to help the student apply the concepts discussed.
VMU 220
Worship in the Christian Tradition3.0 credit hours
An exploration of the continuing development of Christian worship from the time of the Old Testament through the early church to the present. We will trace the developments of worship through various streams of Christianity and discover how past worship methods affect the ways we worship today.
VMU 223
Worship Leadership3.0 credit hours
A study in the art of structuring and leading group worship times. This course examines forms and elements of worship, techniques for leading contemporary band rehearsals, recruiting and forming worship teams, sound & light systems setup and operation, and current issues and trends in worship. Students will have the opportunity to work with worship teams in a variety of campus worship experiences.
VMU 230
Rosedale Chorale1.0 credit hours
A selected mixed chorus with the purpose of blending worship and artistic discipline in a ministry of music. One or more weekend and term break tours. A commitment of two terms required.
VMU 231
Salt & Light Co.0.0 credit hours
A five to ten member mixed ensemble and sound technician, this group travels during the school year and during third term break. Programs include a combination of dramatic sketches and music. Team members receive one credit hour per term. Entrance to the group is by audition during the first week of classes.

   F. Youth Ministries

VYM 101
Introduction to Youth Ministries3.0 credit hours
This course explores theories of adolescent faith development, youth culture, and adolescent experience as a basis for ministry to youth. Students also investigate youth ministry philosophies, strategies, and programming models in the context of a believer’s church theology of children and youth.

IV. Adjunct Program

   A. Adjunct Program

ASP 121
Akwachink Leadership Schools3.0 credit hours
This three-week program is based in northern Ontario. A two-week canoe trip is built around spiritual and character development. A third week covers important aspects of native ministries such as demography, traditional native religion, spiritual warfare, and current Native American issues.